Peripheral Artery Disease also known as Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is the narrowing or blockage of the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the arms and legs, restricting or stopping the blood flow.
Peripheral arteries deliver blood that contains oxygen, glucose and other essential nutrients from the heart to the arms and legs. Healthy peripheral arteries are unobstructed and smooth on the inside.
However, with age, an unhealthy diet, smoking, the development of diabetes or high blood pressure, plaque begins to accumulate on the inside of the artery walls.
Plaque is made up of a combination of cholesterol, calcium and fibrous tissue. With more and more of this plaque accumulating inside the arteries, the arteries start to narrow and stiffen causing them to become hard.
This hardening of the arteries, called Atherosclerosis, is one of the most dangerous and potentially deadly diseases of the arteries.